In Spanish, nouns can be masculine or feminine in gender. The definite article (the) depends on the gender of the noun: la for feminine nouns and el for masculine nouns.
|Feminine (definite)||Masculine (definite)|
|la amiga||el amigo|
|la señora||el señor|
|la mañana||el saludo|
The indefinite article (a) also depends on the gender of the noun. For feminine nouns you use una and for masculine nouns you use un.
|Feminine (indefinite)||Masculine (indefinite)|
|una amiga||un amigo|
|una señora||un señor|
|una mañana||un saludo|
There are a few rules of thumb that help you learn which gender a noun has. Today we look at two of them. Most nouns ending in -o are are masculine whereas most nouns ending in -a are feminine. Many nouns have male and female forms, e.g. el amigo and la amiga.
The Spanish alphabet contains the following letters:
a, b, c, ch, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, ll, m, n, ñ, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z
You already know mañana and llamo, two words which contain letters that don't exist in English.