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Nouns and articles

Definite article

In Spanish, nouns can be masculine or feminine in gender. The definite article (the) depends on the gender of the noun: la for feminine nouns and el for masculine nouns.

Feminine (definite) Masculine (definite)
la amigael amigo
la señorael señor
la mañanael saludo

Indefinite article

The indefinite article (a) also depends on the gender of the noun. For feminine nouns you use una and for masculine nouns you use un.

Feminine (indefinite) Masculine (indefinite)
una amigaun amigo
una señoraun señor
una mañanaun saludo

Gender of nouns

There are a few rules of thumb that help you learn which gender a noun has. Today we look at two of them. Most nouns ending in -o are are masculine whereas most nouns ending in -a are feminine. Many nouns have male and female forms, e.g. el amigo and la amiga.

The Spanish alphabet

The Spanish alphabet contains the following letters:

a, b, c, ch, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, ll, m, n, ñ, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z

You already know mañana and llamo, two words which contain letters that don't exist in English.

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